The Dynamics Of Motorcycle Crashes – 2020
The analysis of a global survey of 1578 motorcyclists who responded from 30 countries in Europe, the USA, Asia, Australia and South America and in eight languages in 2019 has been published in a comprehensive report.
Riders of motorcycles, scooters and mopeds who had been involved in a collision over the last ten years were invited to take part in the survey which looked at the dynamics of motorcycle crashes.
The riders who replied to the survey came from a varied age range, motorcycling experience, as well as depth of skills and training.
The new research presented in the report, most importantly involved riders bringing their personal experience and their expertise beyond that of simple academia. Riders understand motorcycling in way quite different than that of academia, where statistical analyses of large databases such as police reports and hospital records has displaced research that requires in depth crash scene investigative knowledge.
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Who Rides London? – A survey of motorcyclists who use PTWs to ride to work in London – June 2018
The aim of the survey was to identify motorcycle, scooter and moped riders who typically commute to work or study in London, to determine the typical riders’ profile and the type of bikes/scooters/mopeds travelling in these areas.
The reason behind the survey was that a ULEZ (Ultra Low Emission Zone) is being planned for introduction in London with motorcycles to be charged £12.50 per day, the same as all other vehicles.
The survey was a study to identify specific issues relating to Powered Two Wheelers (motorcycles, scooters and mopeds) – PTWs which fall within the Euro 3 emission standards (PTWs manufactured from 2007 onwards) or pre Euro 3 emission standards (PTWs manufactured prior to 2007) which would thus incur this planned charge.
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Effects of Advanced (Anti-lock) Braking Systems – Motorcycle – March 2017
The survey was a pilot study to identify specific issues relating to crashes involving motorcycles fitted with ABS.
The objective of the survey was to find out from riders, their experiences which will be used to provide information to improve training and the technical development of future ABS, the wealth and depth of information provided by the motorcyclists who participated allows for a wide range of analysis of the details that resulted from the questionnaire and the responses.
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Northern Ireland Vehicle Occupant Fatality Report 2015 – August 2015
This report analyses n.48 cases of collisions equal to n.51 vehicle occupant fatalities, of which n.30 were the drivers of the vehicle responsible for the collision; n.14 were passengers in the vehicle responsible for the collision, while there were n.4 drivers of other vehicles and n.3 passengers in other vehicles fatally injured.
The cases reported in this study are the outcome of investigations carried out by the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit of the Forensic Science Northern Ireland between January 2011 and December 2012.
The study and analysis of the findings of the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit – Forensic Science Northern Ireland and a selection of Coroners’ reports was carried out by Elaine Hardy PhD, Research Analyst and supported by the Rees Jeffreys Road Fund.
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Northern Ireland Pedestrian Fatality Report 2014 – September 2014
The Northern Ireland Pedestrian Fatality Report 2014 supported by the Rees Jeffreys Road Fund is an examination of n.55 collision scene reports of pedestrian fatalities from Senior Scientific Officers of the Road Traffic Collision Investigation Unit, Forensic Science, Northern Ireland during 2008 and 2012, supported by n.37 case files from the Coroner’s Service Northern Ireland.
The findings indicate that the majority of the collisions n.35 (64%) cases occurred in darkness and 55% of pedestrians wore dark clothing.; In 91% of cases the vehicle was not driven at excessive speed (over the speed limit); There were n.17 (31%) elderly pedestrians (>70 years) involved in collisions with vehicles. In n.5 cases the elderly pedestrian crossed the road in front of lorries. There were n.17 pedestrians (31%) who were found to have alcohol in their blood at the time of the collsion and all occurred during the hours of darkness. The average blood content was 232 mg per 100ml
There are three main areas of concern in relation to pedestrian fatalities: Visibility, the elderly and intoxicated pedestrians. Cognitive Impairment underpins these three groups.
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Indepth Study Of 39 Motorcycle Collisions In Northern Ireland Between 2004 And 2010 In Which 41 Motorcyclists Were Fatally Injured
The evidence provided in this report indicates that each road traffic collision is unique but that in all cases the time frame from the perceived hazard to the conclusion of the impact either with another vehicle or with road infrastructure was typically between 2 and 3 seconds.
According to the participants of the focus group, the best solution to avoid road traffic collisions is anticipation and hazard awareness training.
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Motorcycle Conspicuity In Europe – June 2011
Research from experts has supported the case that the most obvious method of reducing road casualties is to improve car driver training and motorcycle rider training, with the support of enforcement. Practical training for car drivers should include consideration of inattentional blindness at junctions.
If the objective is to reduce road casualties, then European governments need to address training and awareness techniques for motorcycle riders rather than imposing Hi Viz jackets, mandatory automatic headlights on in the hope that this will improve conspicuity.
The present system does not equip motorcyclists with the necessary accident avoidance and evasion strategies, this could be easily modified and avoidance and evasion strategies should be included in initial rider training.
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SMC Survey of Motorcyclists and their views on Advanced Training – 2010
The overall results of the survey indicate that the riders who answered the questions are experienced and have a healthy sense of their own mortality due to the fact that they use protective clothing and are aware of critical situations as well as recognising their own strengths and weaknesses.
This also is highlighted by the fact that the majority of those responding to the survey have participated in advanced training and have taken these courses seriously.
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Risk And Motorcycles – November 2009
The emphasis on risk and risky motorcyclists appears generally to focus on the deviator – the wrong doer i.e. the motorcyclist who appears not to comply to the norms or rules of the road and is thus a risky person.
No road safety initiative can ever make motorcycling risk-free, but this is true for any road user.
However, educating young (and older) riders and drivers how to tackle these risks and how to adapt and live comfortably in our modern society would unquestionably have an important impact on the reduction of injuries and accidents.
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Near Miss Study of Motorcycles – October 2009
A Study of Motorcyclists in Northern Ireland, Southern Ireland and Great Britain
In conclusion, “near miss” reporting offers authorities, road safety organisations, and researchers the opportunity to develop clearer and more meaningful strategies to reduce road casualties, through further research and even by developing a system of self-reporting.
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The Riders Perspective – September 2009
Motorcycle Safety in Northern Ireland – The Rider’s Perspective aims to provide legislators, decision makers and motorcyclists with a document that collates the expertise of motorcyclists, based on years of experience, consultation and lobbying.
It also aims to be a starting point for discussion and debate to develop a strategy for motorcycle safety in Northern Ireland by encompassing all stakeholders including the motorcycle community, individual riders, clubs, groups and associations.
Now is the time for a motorcycle strategy in Northern Ireland.
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AVCIS – Problem Profile Evaluation of Vehicles Stolen for Export – December 2007
This report aims to highlight the ongoing significant problem of both high value and low value/high volume exports of cars stolen from within the UK and from elsewhere within the EU to Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
Finally, to provide a strategic overview and accurate assessment of the nature and extent of the involvement of OCG in this area.
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The Fear Industry – December 2006
This study focuses on the globalisation of criminological theory, regulations an governance.
It is an analysis of international crime data and their interpretation, risk society and fear of crime.
Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to carry out interviews and to survey 2,200 motorcyclists in the Netherlands and Great Britain.
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SWOT Analysis of the MAIDS Report – By the Motorcycle Action Group (MAG UK) – October 2004
ACEM with the support of the European Commission and other partners conducted an extensive in-depth study of motorcycle and moped accidents during the period 1999-2000 in five sampling areas located in France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Italy. In this study a total of 921 accidents were investigated in detail.
“MAG UK believes that there are important issues which the authors of the MAIDS report (and in fact all safety reports on motorcycling) have not taken into consideration.”
These are Risk Compensation, Risk Management, Social Control and the Rights of Citizens to choose.
Researched and written by Elaine Hardy – National Research Officer and Trevor Baird – Director of Public Affairs – MAG UK
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